The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s
Republic of China (Adopted at the Third Session of the Seventh National People’s
Congress on April 4, 1990)
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Instrument A101

Chapter VIII

Interpretation and Amendment of the Basic Law

Chapter IX

Supplementary Provisions

Annex I

Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of the
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Annex II

Method for the Formation of the Legislative Council of
the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Its
Voting Procedures

Annex III

National Laws to be Applied in the Hong Kong Special
Administrative Region
Preamble

Hong Kong has been part of the territory of China since ancient
times; it was occupied by Britain after the Opium War in 1840. On 19
December 1984, the Chinese and British Governments signed the Joint
Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong, affirming that the Government
of the People’s Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty
over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997, thus fulfilling the longcherished common aspiration of the Chinese people for the recovery of
Hong Kong.
Upholding national unity and territorial integrity, maintaining the
prosperity and stability of Hong Kong, and taking account of its history
and realities, the People’s Republic of China has decided that upon China’s
resumption of the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, a Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region will be established in accordance with the
provisions of Article 31 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of
China, and that under the principle of “one country, two systems”, the
socialist system and policies will not be practised in Hong Kong. The
basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong Kong

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