— maps, as also drawings and graphic and three-dimensional reproductions of a
scientific or artistic nature;
— lectures;
— works inspired by folklore;
— software;
— translations and arrangements or adaptations of the aforementioned works.
2. Copyright shall afford the exclusive right to carry out or authorize the carrying out of
any of the following acts:
(a) reproduction of a work in any material form whatsoever, including phonograms,
audiovisual recordings and the like;
(b) communication of the work to the public by any means, in particular by public
performance such as performance in hotels, restaurants, land, sea or air means of transport, as
in festivals and entertainment halls, by means of
— a medium for the diffusion of recorded works,
— broadcasting means,
— modes of transmission by cable or by telecommunication satellite or other similar
(c) communication of a broadcast work to the public by wire, loudspeaker or any other
device that transmits signs, sounds or images;
(d) any translation or adaptation of a work.
3. No exploiter other than the owner of the work or his representative may carry out the
work referred to in Article 2, above, unless he can produce prior authorization by the owner of
the work or his representative in the form of a written contract setting out the following
compulsory particulars:
(a) the name of the person responsible for exploitation;
(b) the mode of exploitation (form, language, place);
(c) the duration of exploitation;
(d) the amount of the remuneration due to the owner of the work.
4. Unless proved otherwise, the author of a work shall be the person under whose name
the work has been disclosed.
However, where the work has been produced by the servants of a public or private legal
person in the exercise of their duties, copyright shall belong to such servants unless otherwise
stipulated in a contract between the two parties and with the exception of the producer of
cinematographic and audiovisual works, who shall remain the owner of the copyright.
5. A work of joint authorship is a work in whose creation two or more natural persons
have participated and whose contributions cannot be separated one from the other.
In such cases, copyright shall belong collectively to all those persons who have
participated in the creation.

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