Cite as: 542 U. S. 649 (2004)
would probably have been different but for those errors."
Id., at 98. We have held that such use of the unadorned
word "probably" is permissible shorthand when the complete
Strickland standard is elsewhere recited. See Woodford v.
Visciotti, 537 U. S. 19, 23-24 (2002) (per curiam)..
As we explained in Visciotti, § 2254(d) requires that
"state-court decisions be given the benefit of the doubt."
Id., at 24. "[R]eadiness to attribute error is inconsistent
with the presumption that state courts know and follow the
law." Ibid. The Sixth Circuit ignored those prescriptions.
The judgment of the Sixth Circuit is reversed, and the case
is remanded for further proceedings consistent with this
It is so ordered.
JUSTICE STEVENS, JUSTICE SOUTER, JUSTICE GINSBURG,
and JUSTICE BREYER would deny the petition for a writ of