The Criminal Procedures Law number (9) of 1961 Chapter One Preliminary provisions Public Prosecution and civil Action Article 1: This law shall be called the “Criminal Procedures Law of 1961” and shall come into force within one month of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 2: 1. The public prosecution shall have the power to start and exercise the prosecution of crimes. The initiation of the criminal proceedings shall only be done by the public prosecution and any other body which is given such power according to the law. 2. The public prosecution is obligated to initiate the criminal proceedings if the injured party acted as the plaintiff in a civil action according to the conditions stated in the law. 3. The criminal proceedings which were initiated by the public prosecution shall not be abandoned or halted unless such halt or abandonment is done according to the conditions stipulated in the law. Article 3: 1. In all instances where the law requires the presence of a complaint or a civil action by the victim or anyone else in order to initiate the criminal proceedings, no action shall be taken in the case unless such complaint or civil action had already taken place. 2. If the victim of the crime is below the age of fifteen or he/she is mentally impaired the complaint shall be submitted by his/her legal guardian. If the crime is committed against the property of such person then the complaint shall be submitted by the custodian or the protector of such person. 3. If the interest of the victim contradicts with the interest of his/her representative or he/she has no one to represent him/her, is such case the public prosecution shall be such person’s representative. 4. If the victim was a body or an institution then the complaint of the civil action can be done by the body or the head of such institution through a written request.