The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
The Right to Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Act
(The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 15/2011)
7th day of the Waxing Moon of Nadaw in 1373
(2nd December 2011)
In Article 354 Section (B) of the Union Republic of Myanmar Constitution Law, it is prescribed that if
not contrary to the laws enacted for Union security, rule of law, community peace and tranquility, or
public morality, every citizen shall be at liberty to assemble and hold a procession peacefully without
arms. So that citizens can exercise these rights legally, Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has enacted this law.
Chapter (1) Terms and Definitions
1. This law shall be called the law of peaceful assembly and peaceful procession.
2. Words in this law shall have the following meanings:
(a) A citizen refers to a person who is born to parents both of whom are nationals of the
Union Republic of Myanmar and is a legal citizen on the day the constitution is confirmed
(b) A peaceful assembly refers to a peaceful gathering of more than one person, unarmed and
following the rules, and giving speeches in permitted public places according to this law
for the purpose of expressing their wishes and convictions.
(c) A peaceful procession refers to more than one person having a peaceful procession in
an orderly fashion, unarmed and following the rules, on a permitted public road for the
purpose of expressing their wishes and convictions.
(d) A permit refers to the permission given in accordance to this Act to allow a peaceful
gathering or peaceful procession.
(e) A poster refers to an expression that does not harm the dignity of a person; it be in words,
signs, images, photographs, paintings, cartoons, statues, television broadcast, or something
expressed in any other way, and held in hand, placed in the ground, pasted on another
item or some other way, for the purpose of expressing one’s wishes and convictions.
(f) A sign refers to an expression that does not harm the dignity of a person; it includes the
name of a party or an association or an organization in words, to be held in hand, placed
in the ground, or hung or expressed in some other ways, for the purpose of expressing
one’s wishes and convictions.
(g) Arms refer to weapons and equipment, the definitions of which provided in Weapons and
Explosives Act, as well as things that can be dangerous to another person.