Electronic Transactions Act, B.E. 2544 (2001)
BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ, REX.
Given on the 2nd day of December B.E. 2544
Being the 56th year of the Present Reign
His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej is graciously pleased to proclaim that,
Whereas it is deemed expedient to have a law on electronic transactions,
And whereas this Act contains certain provisions relating to the restriction of personal
rights and freedom, for which Section 29 incorporating Section 50 of the Constitution of
the Kingdom of Thailand provides that it can be made by virtue of the provisions of a law.
Be it therefore enacted by H. M. the King an Act, by and with the advice and consent of the
Parliament, as follows:
This Act shall be called the “Electronic Transactions Act, B.E. 2544 (2001)”
This Act shall come into force after one hundred and twenty days as from the date of its
publication in the Government Gazette.
This Act shall apply to all civil and commercial transactions performed by using a data
message, except the transactions prescribed by a Royal Decree to be excluded from this
Act wholly or partly
The provisions of paragraph one do not prejudice any law or rule enacted for consumer
This Act shall apply to the transactions in connection with the carrying out of the affairs of
the State as prescribed in Chapter 4.
In this Act:
“transaction” means any act relating to a civil and commercial activity or carrying out of
the affairs of the State as prescribed in Chapter 4.
“electronics” means an application of an electron means, an electrical means, an
electromagnetic means or any other means of a similar nature including an application of
an optical means, a magnetic means or a device in connection with an application of any of
the aforesaid means;
“electronic transaction” means a transaction in which an electronic means is used in whole
or in part;
“information” means an incident or fact regardless of whether expressed in the form of a
letter, number, sound, image or any other form capable of connotation by itself or through
“data message” means information generated, sent, received, stored or processed by
electronic means, such, as electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail, telegram,
telex or facsimile;
“electronic signature” means letter, character, number, sound or any other symbol created
in electronic form and affixed to a data message in order to establish the association
between a person and a data message for the purpose of identifying the signatory who
involves in such data message and showing that the signatory approves the information
contained in such data message;