Myanmar: Broadcasting Law

(j)

(k)
(l)
(m)

(n)

(o)
(p)
(q)

(r)

produced by themselves or by other broadcast institutions to their subscribers.
Distribution system can be through satellite, cable and terrestrial system.
Broadcast Spectrum management means managing radio and television
frequencies designated by the Ministry of Telecommunication and Information
Technology only for broadcasting. Authority will manage the broadcast
spectrum.
Broadcast license means the right to operate television and radio stations.
Broadcast zone means a specific geographic area reached by a broadcast
signal.
Code of Conduct means the Code promulgated and adopted by the Council
after due consultation with broadcast industry stakeholders. It includes
provisions on ethical practices, content standards and other areas the Council
may deem necessary.
Independent producer is an individual or company who produces programmes
for radio or television and who is independent of any particular broadcast
institution.
Primary broadcaster shall refer to public service, commercial, government and
community broadcast institutions engaged in production of original programes.
Authority means the National Broadcasting Development Authority.
Council means National Broadcasting Council which is created by virtue of this
law. The Council shall be autonomous and independent from government
authorities, juridical and natural persons involved in the planning, production,
and broadcasting of radio and television programmes.
Ministry is the Ministry of Information of the Union Cabinet.
Chapter II
Objectives and Principles

3.

The overriding objectives of this law are:
(a)
to promote the use of broadcast spectrum, designated by the Ministry of
Telecommunication and Information Technology, as a common development
resource,
(b)
to promote access by the public to a wide variety of broadcast services as well
as broadcasting content,
(c)
to ensure that broadcast services meet minimum standards, and to provide the
public with a system for participating in pursuing quality broadcasting which
meets the information, education and entertainment needs of the people of
Myanmar.
4.
The development and regulation of broadcast industry in Myanmar shall be based on
the following principles:
(a)
freedom of expression, professionalism and independence of the broadcast
media
(b)
balanced development of public service broadcasting, commercial, community and
government broadcasting services
(c)
rational and efficient use of the broadcasting spectrum designated by the
Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology.
(d)
promotion of fair competition and media pluralism in the field of broadcasting
(e)
fairness, objectivity, non-discrimination, efficiency and transparency in the
procedure for granting frequencies and licenses for broadcast media ensuring
that all areas of the country receive broadcast service.

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