Federal Negarit Gazeta
13th Year No. 13 ADDIS ABABA-27th February, 2006
Page 3354

WHEREAS, in order to realize these objectives, it is necessary to
determine by law the access to genetic resources and community
knowledge, and to provide for the rights of communities over genetic
resources and community knowledge;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) of the
Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby
proclaimed as follows:

Short Title
This Proclamation may be cited as “Access to Genetic Resources and
Community Knowledge, and Community Rights Proclamation No. 482


In this Proclamation, unless the context requires otherwise:1/ “access” means the collection, acquisition, transfer or use of genetic
resources and/or community knowledge;
2/ “biological resource” includes genetic resources, organisms or parts
thereof, populations or any other biotic component of ecosystem
with actual or potential value for humanity;
3/ “derivative” means product extracted or developed from biological
resource this may include products such as plant varieties, oils,
resigns, gums, chemicals and proteins;
4/ “ex situ” means a condition in which genetic resource is found
outside of its natural habitat;
5/ “exploration” means an activity to find out the existence or the status
of a given genetic resources;
6/ “genetic resource” means any genetic material of biological resource
containing genetic information having actual or potential value for
humanity and it including derivatives;

Select target paragraph3